These educational videos, filmed at the latest patient program, The 2016 Spring Patient Program 'Power to the Patient: Call to Action to Prevent Thrombosis', provide patient-friendly updates in cardiovascular medicine, including heart failure, stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (SPAF), and venous thromboembolism (VTE).
To address the knowledge gaps surrounding stroke risk assessment and anticoagulation for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), NATF is proposing 3-year educational initiative to identify multidisciplinary best quality care for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation, and to provide consensus briefings on risk assessment and anticoagulation treatment.... read more
Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, within a blood vessel causing a partial or total obstruction; it prevents blood from flowing normally through the circulatory system.
When the thrombus flows through the body, it can harm important organs such as the brain, heart, lungs, or leg arteries. It blocks blood flow, serious health issues can arise, such as stroke, heart attack, or pulmonary embolism.
Deep vein thrombosis is the most common form of thrombosis. It is a blood clot in a major vein, usually in the leg.
Signs and symptoms of DVT include:
Discomfort, heaviness, pain aching, throbbing, itching, or warmth in the legs
Skin changes in the leg, such as discoloration, thickening, or ulceration
Swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) develops in at least half of patients with a DVT. It involves chronic leg swelling, calf pain, calf heaviness/fatigue, skin discoloration, and/or venous ulcers in the affected limb characterize PTS. Quality of life is significantly impaired in patients with PTS.
What is a pulmonary embolism?
A pulmonary embolism a blood clot that travels to the lungs.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a complication from DVT.
Symptoms and signs of PE include:
Sudden shortness of breath
Coughing up blood
Rapid or irregular heart rate
What are the Risk Factors?
Risk factors that contribute to thrombosis include:
Vessel wall damage
Surgery (especially orthopedic surgery and total knee replacement)
Heredity (including the Factor V Leiden genetic mutation)
Increased estrogen levels (due to oral contraception or hormone replacement therapy)